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dc.creatorCerović, Radosav
dc.creatorNikolić, Mihailo
dc.creatorMilenković, Slobodan
dc.creatorRadičević, Sanja
dc.date.accessioned2024-02-23T13:53:31Z
dc.date.available2024-02-23T13:53:31Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.institut-cacak.org/sorteprikaz/58/sofija.html
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.institut-cacak.org/cvarkov/pdf/sadnice_2023-2024.pdf
dc.identifier.urihttps://refri.institut-cacak.org/handle/123456789/863
dc.description.abstractNova sorta višnje ‘Sofija’, priznata je rešenjem Ministarstva polјoprivrede i zaštite životne sredine RS br. 320-04-00566/2011-11 od 19. januara 2015. godine. Stvorena planskom hibridizacijom iz ukrštanja ‘Čačanski rubin’ × ‘Heimanns Konserven Weichsel’, ova sorta je izdvojena u grupu od deset elitnih hibrida pod oznakom XII/57, iz populacije od preko 3.000 hibridnih sejanaca. Stablo sorte ‘Sofija’ je umerene bujnosti, sa karakterističnim povijenim granama, srednje ranog cvetanja. Plodovi su veoma krupni (7‒8 g), zaoblјenog oblika, slabo izraženog šava. Pokožica ploda je rubin crvene boje, glatka i sjajna, a mezokarp crvene boje, slatko-nakiselog ukusa i odličnog kvaliteta. Sok je crvene boje. Koštica je srednje krupnoće, a petelјka izrazito duga, tanka i lako se odvaja od ploda, bez curenja soka. ‘Sofija’ se odlikuje visokim stepenom polјske otpornosti na Blumeriella jaapii (Rehm) v. Arx. Ono što je od posebnog značaja za ovu sortu jeste njeno veoma interesantno vreme sazrevanja (početak druge dekade juna u uslovima zapadne Srbije). Imajući u vidu činjenicu da aktuelni sortiment višnje nije previše dinamičan, kao i da je vreme sazrevanja najvećeg broja komercijalno značajnih krupnoplodih sorti vezano za treću dekadu juna, plodovi sorte ‘Sofija’ zbog ranijeg vremena sazrevanja, uz istovremeno izvanredan kvalitet ploda i visoku rodnost, ostvaruju visoku cenu na tržištu. Od 2019. godine, sorta ‘Sofija’ je standardni deo asortimana u proizvodnji sadnog materijala višnje u Republici Srbiji, a od 2023. godine i van granica naše zemlje.sr
dc.description.abstractThe new sour cherry cultivar ‘Sofija’ was named and released by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Water Management of the Republic of Serbia (confirmation No. 320-04-00566/2011-11; January 11th, 2015). Developed by planned hybridization from the crossing of ‘Čačanski rubin’ × ‘Heimanns Konserven Weichsel’, this cultivar was selected into the group of ten elite hybrids (under the designation XII/57), from a population of over 3,000 hybrids. The tree of the ‘Sofia’ cultivar is moderately vigorous, with characteristic bent branches, of medium-early flowering. The fruits are very large (7‒8 g), rounded, with a weak seam. The skin of the fruit is ruby red in color, smooth and shiny, and the mesocarp is red, with a sweet-sour taste and excellent quality. The juice is red. The stone is of medium size, and the stem is very long, thin and easily separated from the fruit, without leaking juice. ‘Sofia’ is characterized by a high degree of field resistance to Blumeriella jaapii (Rehm) v. Arch. What is of special importance for this cultivar is its very interesting ripening time (the beginning of the second decade of June in the conditions of western Serbia). Bearing in mind the fact that the current sour cherry assortment is not too dynamic, as well as that the ripening time of the largest number of commercially significant large-fruited cultivars is related to the third decade of June, the fruits of the ‘Sofia’ cultivar, due to their earlier ripening time, with at the same time outstanding fruit quality and high fertility, achieve high price on the market. Since 2019, the variety ‘Sofija’ is a standard part of the assortment in the production of cherry planting material in the Republic of Serbia, and from 2023 also outside the borders of our country.sr
dc.language.isosrsr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Technological Development (TD or TR)/31064/RS//sr
dc.rightsclosedAccesssr
dc.sourceRealizovana sorta na međunarodnom nivou – M95sr
dc.subjectsortasr
dc.subjectvišnjasr
dc.subjectSofijasr
dc.subjectvreme sazrevanjasr
dc.subjectplodsr
dc.subjectcultivarsr
dc.subjectsour cherrysr
dc.subjectripening timesr
dc.subjectfruitsr
dc.titleSofija: Sorta višnje (Prunus cerasus L.)sr
dc.typepatentsr
dc.rights.licenseARRsr
dc.description.otherPriznata sorta na nacionalnom nivou – M98 (2015. godina); Realizovana sorta na nacionalnom nivou – M96 (2019. godina); Realizovana sorta na međunarodnom nivou – M95 (2023. godina)sr
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionsr


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