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dc.creatorLjavić, Dževad
dc.creatorRadović, Mirjana
dc.creatorKulina, Mirko
dc.creatorZejak, Dejan
dc.creatorSpalević, Velibor
dc.creatorKader, Shuraik
dc.creatorDudić, Branislav
dc.creatorMichael, Ruby
dc.creatorCampbell, Jennifer
dc.creatorJaufer, Lizny
dc.creatorGlišić, Ivana
dc.creatorGlišić, Ivan
dc.date.accessioned2023-10-25T09:50:37Z
dc.date.available2023-10-25T09:50:37Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.identifier.issn2405-8440
dc.identifier.urihttps://refri.institut-cacak.org/handle/123456789/722
dc.description.abstractFertilisation strategy can have a big impact on apple (Malus domestica Borkh) yield, with considerable environmental and economic implications. This research paper presents the yield and leaf nutrients content of three apple cultivars fertilised with three treatment regimes (Jonagold Decosta, Red Idared and Gala Schnitzer®Schniga) each fertilised with three treatments: T1 (control‒without fertilization); T2 (300 kg ha-1 NPK (6:18:36) + 150 kg ha-1 N (calcium ammonium nitrate‒CAN)) and T3 (foliar nutrition‒mixture organic-mineral fertilizer commercially named “FitoFert Kristal” (0.6%) (10:40:10) + “FitoFert Kristal” (0.6%) (20:20:20) + “FoliFetril Ca” (0.5%) (N:Ca)) in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period of two years (2020–2021). Significant differences of different yield categories (yield per tree, yield per hectare and yield efficiency) were found among cultivar/treatment combinations, cultivars, treatments and years. Yield per tree, yield per hectare and yield efficiency were lowest in cultivar Jonagold DeCosta. Fertilization treatment T1 significantly influenced the lowest yield per tree and yield per hectare with the magnitudes 7.55 kg tree-1 and 27.96 t ha-1, respectively. The highest yield efficiency was found in trees fertilised with treatment T3 with 9.21 55 kg tree-1, 34.11 96 t ha-1 and yield efficiency of 0.25 kg cm-2. Six mineral elements in the apple leaf, such as boron (B), calcium (Ca), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), potassium (K), and zinc (Zn), were presented in known magnitudes. The cultivar Jonagold DeCosta’s leaves had the highest K, B, and Zn contents with 8500.8 mg kg-1 FW (i.e. fresh weight of leaves), 33.8 mg kg-1 FW, and 12.2 mg kg-1 FW, respectively, while cultivar Red Idared’s leaves had the highest Ca, Fe, and Mg contents. The fertilisation treatment T3 influenced significantly the highest content of Ca (301.37 mg kg-1 FW), Fe (116.5 mg kg-1 FW), B (41.6 mg kg-1 FW), Mn (22.4 mg kg-1 FW), and Zn (14.9 mg kg-1 FW) in leaves, while the highest content of K was found in leaves from trees fertilised with treatment T2 (8130.5 mg kg-1 FW). The experimental outcomes have proven that the cultivar/treatment combinations, cultivars, treatments, and time duration (in years) are the key factors affecting the potassium, calcium, iron, boron, and manganese contents. It was concluded that the foliar application enables easier mobility of elements, which results in a greater number of fruits and larger fruits, which leads to a higher yield. This study is the first of its kind in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the findings of this research will pave the way for future research activities involving increasing the number of cultivars and different fertilisation treatments on apple yield and leaf mineral composition.sr
dc.language.isoensr
dc.publisherAmsterdam : Elsevier Ltd.sr
dc.rightsopenAccesssr
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.sourceHeliyonsr
dc.subjectMalus × domestica Borkhsr
dc.subjectcultivarsr
dc.subjectfertilization treatmentsr
dc.subjectyield per treesr
dc.subjectyield per unit areasr
dc.subjectyield efficiencysr
dc.subjectleaf nutrient contentsr
dc.titleInfluence of cultivar and fertilization treatment on the yield and leaf nutrients content of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.)sr
dc.typearticlesr
dc.rights.licenseBY-NC-NDsr
dc.citation.issue9
dc.citation.issue6
dc.citation.rankM22~
dc.citation.spagee16321
dc.citation.volume9
dc.identifier.doi0.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e16321
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://refri.institut-cacak.org/bitstream/id/1578/bitstream_1578.pdf
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionsr


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