Molecular and biological characterization of Black raspberry necrosis virus on red raspberry in Serbia
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Black raspberry necrosis virus (BRNV) is considered as economically important virus infecting raspberries. In black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis L.) BRNV is causing cane tip necrosis, but infected red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) cultivars in general do not express foliar symptoms. From 2014−2018, a number of 105 samples from 9 red raspberry cultivars (‘Almira’, ’Fertödi Zamatos’, ’Glen Ample’, ’Meeker’, ‘San Rafael’, ’Polana’, ’Polka’, ’Tulameen’ and ‘Willamette’) were collected from different localities in Serbia. Samples were tested on the BRNV presence by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using specific primers targeting 417 bp nucleotide (nt) fragment of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) region of RNA 1 of the BRNV genome. BNRV was detected in 19 samples in cultivars ’Fertödi Zamatos’, ’Polana’, ’Tulameen’ and ‘Willamette’. A 417nt sequence of the RdRp was determined for 5 isolates. The nt sequences of these isolates were 94.2−99.7% identical. When c...ompared to available sequences of BRNV isolates from North America and Europe, Serbian isolates showed significant divergence (80.0−82.2% of nt identity). A portion of the BRNV infected plants of cultivar ’Fertödi Zamatos’ were further tested on indicator R. occidentalis by inarch bottle grafting. Two months after inoculation cane tip begun to curl down and became necrotic on all inoculated plants. Non-grafted control plants were symptomless.
Keywords:BRNV / red raspberry / RT-PCR / bottle grafting / diversity
Source:Book of abstracts : 30th International Scientific-Expert Conference of Agriculture and Food Industry, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 25-27 September 2019, 2019, 33-33
- Sarajevo : University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences