Diversity among native Serbian cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) accessions: An ideal plant for sustainable cultivation, source of antioxidants and functional food
Authorized Users Only
Article (Published version)
MetadataShow full item record
From 2018-2020, we evaluated main fruit phisico-chemical properties and antioxidant capacity of 27 natural cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) accessions selected at western Serbia. The results indicated significant differences in FW, SW, D-g, L/D ratio, phi, FRa, SA and FV and contents of primary metabolites, phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity among accessions. In general, the best fruit physico-chemical properties and antioxidant activity had "AFTM 1 ', "AFTM 7 ', "AFTM 8 ', "AFTM 10 ', "AFTM 18 ' and "AFTM 19 ' although there were similarities between certain accessions in the values of the evaluated traits. The "AFTM 1 ' characterized with the highest FW, FRa, both fruit dimensions, D-g, SA, FV, TAc and TPC and with the lowest SSC. The highest SSC had "AFTM 14 '. The lowest values of all fruit physical traits were registered in "AFTM 6 '. This accession had good TPC. The "AFTM 18 ' had the best antioxidant capacity, whereas "AFTM 19 ' had the highest TFC. The worst vitamin C ...content, TAc and TPC had "AFTM 21 ' and "AFTM 24 ', respectively, whereas the lowest TFC and TAC were registered in "AFTM 11 '. The highest RI was found in "AFTM 8 ' and "AFTM 10 '. The most acidic fruits had "AFTM 11 ' and "AFTM 27 '. The "AFTM 27 ' had the lowest RI, whereas "AFTM 24 ' had the worst TPC and TFC. The fruit physical characteristics correlated significantly and positively with each other. However, correlations between fruit physical traits and content of primary and/or secondary metabolites were not significant in most cases or were of weak intensity, indicating that larger fruits were generally poorer in phytochemicals content. PCA can be a very useful tool for segregating natural accessions with the best fruit physico-chemical properties and antioxidant activity.
Keywords:Soluble solids content / Phenolic compounds / Fruit physico-chemical attributes / Cornus mas L. / Antioxidant activity
Source:Scientia Horticulturae, 2022, 306
- Amsterdam : Elsevier