Influence of Cultivar and Rootstock on Early Growth and Syllepsis in Nursery Trees of Pear (Pyrus communis L., Rosaceae)
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A two-year field study was conducted to examine the capacity of spontaneous formation of long sylleptic shoots (LSS) in nursery trees of pear cvs. 'Abbe Fetel', 'Conference' and 'Starking Delicious' grafted on Quince MA (MA) and Quince BA 29 (BA 29) rootstocks in a nursery during the first year after bud grafting. Tree height (TH), trunk diameter (TD) - 10 cm above the bud union and number of LSS were measured at the end of each season. The TH was measured from the ground level. The highest number of LSS was developed by cv. 'Abbe Fetel' in both the seasons, and the lowest by cv. 'Starking Delicious'. Tree height and TD were highly significantly affected by the cultivar in both the years and by the rootstock in 2008. The interactions between them did not significantly affect the examined parameters. The study showed that the early growth and syllepsis of pear nursery trees during the first year after bud-grafting were incomparably more affected by the cultivar than by the rootstock und...er similar weather conditions and on the same soil in a crop rotation system.
Keywords:rootstock / Pyrus communis L. / nursery tree / long sylleptic shoot / cultivar / Branching
Source:Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 2011, 54, 3, 451-456
- Inst Tecnologia Parana, Curitiba-Parana