Morphogenic Variability of Some Autochthonous Plum Cultivars in Western Serbia
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A study conducted over a period of two years in a Western Serbian valley included in situ identification of autochthonous plum cultivars. Observation and recording of their phenological and pomological traits were performed using IBPGR and UPOV methodologies. Fifteen cultivars derived from Prunus domestica L. and two cultivars derived from P. insititia L. were identified. Flowering started between 24 March and 7 April and fruit ripening between 12 July (Petrovaca) and 16 September (Trnovaca). Fruit weight ranged from 6.79 +/- 0.018 to 36.62 +/- 0.251 g and stone weight from 0.14 +/- 0.002 to 1.95 +/- 0.023 g. The cultivars were classified as being extremely small in terms of fruit size. Rounded fruit shape and light-yellow ground colour were dominant. Skin colour ranged from amber to black. Yellow green was a dominant flesh colour and medium flesh firmness predominated. The fruits of the above cultivars could be processed, particularly into plum brandy, or they could be used fresh or d...ried. The selected plum cultivars can be used both in breeding programmes and as rootstocks as well as in further disease-related systematic studies under field and laboratory conditions.
Keywords:Prunus insititia L. / Prunus domestica L. / germplasm / genetic bases / Fruit
Source:Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 2010, 53, 6, 1293-1297
- Inst Tecnologia Parana, Curitiba-Parana